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December 14, 2017  
REFERENCE: First Aid for Burns
First Aid for First-Degree Burns

  • Place the burned area of skin under cool running water for 5 to 10 minutes. As a second choice, cover the area with a cool compress or towel. Avoid treating a burn wound with ice.
  • Drink lots of fluids; burns are dehydrating.
  • If necessary, take ibuprofen or acetaminophen for pain and swelling.
  • Cover the burn with a sterile bandage or a cool cloth.

 
First Aid for Second-Degree and Third-Degree Burns

  • Call 911.
  • Do not break or drain blisters.
  • If skin is stuck to clothing, leave it that way.
  • Place the burned area of skin under cool running water for 5 to 10 minutes. As a second choice, cover the area with a cool compress or towel. Avoid treating a burn with ice.
  • Once immersed in cool water, carefully remove clothing.
  • Carefully remove jewelry that is on a burned body part
  • Pat area dry with a clean towel or clean sheet. 
  • Evaluate the victim for signs of shock, and treat accordingly.
  • If possible, elevate burned area.
  • Keep burned areas clean to prevent infection. Avoid applying ointment, lotion, baking soda, butter, or cream.
  • Avoid giving the victim anything to drink.
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